Dr Nic Spaull is currently a Thomas J Alexander Fellow at the OECD, and before that was a visiting scholar in the Graduate School of Education at Stanford University. Nic has a PhD in economics and has published numerous journal articles on education in developing countries, and specifically on assessment, accountability, literacy and education policy in South Africa. He is a research fellow at the Universities of Stellenbosch and Johannesburg and also sits on the Joint Advisory Committee of the South African Human Rights Commission. He has recently been awarded an ESRC/DFID grant to research exceptional township and rural schools in South Africa in 2016-2018. Nic has been involved in a number of research projects for local and international organisations, including the South African Presidency, the Department of Basic Education, UNICEF, the EU, UNESCO and SACMEQ. He advises numerous NGO’s, policy-makers and grant-making bodies, and also regularly updates his website (nicspaull.com) with new research and articles he finds interesting. His current research focuses on combining date from household surveys with data from international large-scale assessments to provide a more accurate picture of education system success and change.